This mission includes analysing how health and care services work, as well as reviewing how effective Governmental commitments and activities are in the area. The Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services Analysis must also assist the Swedish government with advisory support and recommendations for making the operations and governance of state-run institutions more effective.

The Agency must continually follow up on and evaluate the information that health and care services provide to the individual patient and citizen. The analysis must give special attention to content, quality, and adequacy, as well as to how accessible the information is.

Beyond this, the Agency must, by order of the Swedish government, evaluate the effects of Governmental reforms and initiatives.

The tasks of the Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services also include keeping abreast of relevant developments in the health care field and performing international comparative studies.